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China Expats and Culture Blog

Chinese Valentine's Day: Qi Xi Festival

Sara Lynn Hua | August 05, 2019

The Qixi (七夕) festival is about a romantic folk story of The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl.

When is Chinese Valentine's day? 

The Qixi (七夕) festival is commonly known as "Chinese Valentines’ Day." The characters 七夕, when taken apart, actually means the seventh (七) night (夕). Indeed, this romantic holiday always falls on the 7th night of the 7th month of the lunar calendar, which means the day for the festival is constantly shifting in the Gregorian calendar we commonly use. This year, the Qixi festival falls on August 7th, and will fall on August 25th in 2020.

Many Chinese couples also choose to celebrate St. Valentine's Day on February 14th, especially since China is becoming more Westernized. However, Qixi Festival is a romantic holiday that is inexplicably tied to Chinese culture.

>READ MORE: 6 Terms Of Endearment In Chinese

THE LEGEND/STORY OF THE QIXI FESTIVAL

The Qixi Festival actually traces its roots back to astrology, with the stars Vega and Altair representing two lovers in a folktale dating back to the Han Dynasty.
In the folktale, Niu Lang is a handsome and kind cowherd who lived alone herding cattle and farming. He married a beautiful girl named Zhi Nu, who is a weaver. Zhi Nu soon gave birth to two children, and the family lived happily. But little did Niu Lang know, that Zhi Nu is actually the seventh daughter of the goddess of heaven, and the goddess is furious at Zhi Nu for coming to earth and for marrying a mortal.

The goddess soon found Zhi Nu, and forced her to return to her previous post, weaving clouds in the sky. Niu Lang filled with sorrow after his wife was taken and mourned daily with his children. Seeing his sorrow, Niulang's ox suddenly began to talk, and told Niu Lang that if he killed the ox and put on its hide, he would be able to fly up to Heaven to find his wife. Niu Lang put on the ox’s hide, took his children, and started flying up to heaven. But just as he was about to meet with Zhi Nu, the goddess discovered him. She then took out her hairpin, and scratch a big river in the sky so that the two lovers would never meet.

Moved by their devotion to each other, magpies would fly in one night of each year, on the 7th day of the 7th month, forming a bridge over the big river so the two lovers could meet. The big river eventually was named the Milky Way, and this special day became the Qixi Festival.

TRADITIONAL CELEBRATIONS DURING THE QIXI FESTIVAL

While in modern day,七夕 has become more of a Westernized holiday complete with chocolate, wine, and dozens of red roses; traditionally, the Qixi Festival has many unique customs. In fact, the traditional Qixi festival was as much of a holiday for single girls as it is for couples in love.

1. NEEDLE-THREADING COMPETITIONS

For single girls in ancient China, needlework symbolized one of the most desired qualities in being a good spouse. Competitions would be held among groups of unmarried women to see who could thread a special nine-hole needle fastest. Those who are able to thread the needle in one try are said to be blessed with needlework skill for the upcoming year.

2. WORSHIPPING ZHI NU

Single women would also visit the temple in groups, praying to Zhi Nu to bless their needlework, beauty, and marriage prospects. On the night of Qixi, the girls would bring offerings of tea, wine, flowers and fruits, and quietly pray towards the star Vega.

3. CELEBRATING THE OX

Since the ox took a tremendous sacrifice in the folktale of Niulang and Zhi Nu, Qixi was also an occasion to celebrate the importance of the ox to people’s livelihoods. Children will often make wreaths out of wild flowers and hang them on the ox’s horns.

4. STAR GAZING

Lastly, no Qixi Festival is complete without stargazing into the night sky. On this day, people will gather outside to look for Vega and Altair, and the third star forming the symbolic bridge between the two, reiterating the ancient folktale. Even today in modern China when many of the traditional customs have been forgotten, the Chinese people still gaze into the stars on the night of Qixi, retelling the story of Niu Lang and Zhi Nu as they wish for love, romance, and marital bliss.

>READ MORE:Tips of giving gift in Chinese culture

 

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Échange universitaire en Chine: 7 bonnes raisons d’y aller

Pierre Cerchiaro | August 05, 2019

Lorsque l’on parle d’échange universitaire à l’étranger, il est vrai que la Chine est loin d’être la destination phare des étudiants francophones. Pourtant, partir étudier en Chine peut être un tremplin pour votre avenir et sans doute une expérience qui restera à jamais gravée dans votre mémoire.

Ayant moi-même étudié une licence et un master LEA anglais-chinois, j’ai eu la chance au cours de mon cursus universitaire de partir dans deux villes sinophones pour effectuer deux années d’échange : une première à Taipei, et une seconde à Chongqing. 

Dans cet article, je parlerai principalement de la vie étudiante en Chine continentale, étant donné que la vie à Taïwan est un peu différente. (Cependant, si vous souhaitez en savoir plus sur la vie étudiante à Taïwan, n’hésitez pas à lire cet article).

Je partage aujourd’hui mon expérience dans l’espoir de convaincre ceux qui hésite encore quant à leur choix de destination, d’envisager la Chine, ce pays fascinant offrant beaucoup de surprises. Voici donc 7 raisons pour lesquelles il est bon d’étudier dans l’Empire du Milieu.

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7 good reasons you should study in China (and why you’ll love it)

Pierre Cerchiaro | August 05, 2019

When talking about studying abroad or going on a student exchange program, China is far from being the flagship destination for English-speaking students. However, going to China for study can be a springboard for your future and probably an experience that will always be etched in your memory.

I had the opportunity during my university studies to go to two Chinese-speaking cities to complete two one-year student exchange programs: one in Taipei and the other in Chongqing. 

In this article, I will focus mainly on student life in mainland China, since life in Taiwan is a little different. (However, if you would like to know more about student life in Taiwan, please read this article.)

I am sharing my experience in the hope of convincing those who are still hesitating about their choice of destination to consider China, a fascinating country with many surprises. So here are seven reasons why it is good to study Chinese in the Middle Kingdom.

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5 Chinese Beauty Hacks To Make You Look Amazing

Jinna Wang | July 02, 2019

If you are a fan of all things beauty, you might have noticed an influx of Asian influence in your local beauty shops as of late.

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13 Very Surprising Things I Discovered When First Coming to China

Pierre Cerchiaro | June 21, 2019

I was extremely excited the first time I flew to China, even though I somehow didn’t know what to expect once arriving there. My French university sent me to Chongqing for one year, giving me the chance to realize my dream and discover the country I’ve always wanted to live in.

When getting out of Chongqing airport, I quickly made new local friends and decided to follow them blindly to start taking my first steps in the real, authentic, and astonishing Chinese lifestyle. Below is the list of the 13 things that amazed and really surprised me the first time I came here.

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Mother’s Day in China

Pierre Cerchiaro | May 06, 2019

Mother's Day in China 母亲节 (mǔqīnjié) is celebrated every year on the second Sunday in May (May 12th this year). The celebration of mothers is becoming more and more popular in China since being good to one’s parents is essential in the Chinese culture.

In China, respect for elders and devotion to parents are both important traditional principles. To celebrate this special day, Chinese people send sweet messages and show their affection and thankfulness. Also, a lot of China’s youngsters are looking for special activities on Mother’s Day and ideas are becoming more and more unique.

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