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10 essential verbs in Chinese you must know (2)

Pierre Cerchiaro | April 21, 2019 | | 0 Comments
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Welcome to our second course of the most common verbs in Chinese. If you are new here and want to have a look at the first course about essential verbs in Mandarin, click here

For our readers who have finished studying the first part, here are 10 new verbs for you with sample sentences with characters, pinyin, explanation and English translation.

 

chī - To eat

小朋友很喜欢吃甜食。

xiǎopéngyǒu hěn xǐhuān chī tiándiǎn

[小朋友 Children] [很 very] [喜欢 like] [吃 eat] [甜食 desserts]

Children like to eat desserts

 

how to say 'eat' in Chinese
 

我吃了很美味的小笼包。

wǒ chī le hěn měiwèi de xiǎolóngbāo

[我 I] [吃 eat] [了 completed action marker] [很 very] [美味 delicious] [的 possessive particle] [小笼包 steamed dumplings]

I ate a lot of delicious steamed dumplings

 

你早餐平常吃什么?

nǐ zǎocān píngchǎng chī shénme?

[你 you] [早餐 breakfast] [平常 usually] [吃 eat] [什么 what]

What do you usually eat for breakfast?

  

  hē - To drink

我们昨天在酒吧喝两杯啤酒。

wǒmen zuótiān zài jiǔba hē liǎng bēi píjiǔ

[我们 we] [昨天 yesterday] [在 at] [酒吧 bar] [喝 drink] [两 two] [杯 glasses] [啤酒 beer]

Yesterday, we drank two beers at the bar

 

他刚喝了一杯柠檬红茶。

tā gāng hē le yī bēi níngméng hóngchá

[他 he] [刚 just] [喝 drink] [了 completed action marker] [一 one] [杯 glass] [柠檬 lemon] [红茶 black tea]

He just drank a cup of lemon back tea

 

很多中国人喜欢喝热水。

hěn dūo zhōnggúorén xǐhuān hē rèshǔi

[很多 a lot of] [中国人 Chinese people] [喜欢 like] [喝 drink] [热水 hot water]

A lot of Chinese people like to drink hot water

 

xué - To study/learn

我的妈妈想学西班牙语。

wǒ de māma xiǎng xué xībānyáyǔ

[我的 My] [妈妈 mom] [想 would like/want] [学 study] [西班牙语 Spanish language]

My mom wants to learn Spanish.

 

学写汉字很难。

xué xiě hànzì hěn nán

[学 learn] [写 write] [汉字 Chinese characters] [很 very] [难 complicated]

Studying how to write Chinese characters is complicated 

 how to say 'learn' in Chinese

 

小明想学弹钢琴。

Xiǎomíng xiǎng xué tán gāngqín

[小明 Xiaoming, a name] [想 would like/want] [学 learn] [弹钢琴 play the piano]

Xiaoming wants to learn how to play the piano

 

ài - To love

她真爱她的小孩。

tā zhēnde ài zìjǐ de xiǎohái

[她 she] [真 really] [爱 love] [她的 her] [小孩 child/children]

She truly loves her child/children

 

我爱看科幻电影。

wǒ ài kàn kēhuàn diànyǐng

[我 I] [爱 love] [看 look] [科幻 fiction] [电影 movie]

I love watching fiction movies 

 

很多人都爱去公园散步。

hěnduō rén dōu ài qù gōngyúan sànbù

[很多 a lot of] [人 people] [都 all] [爱 love] [去 go] [公园 park] [散步 take a walk]

A lot of people love to go to the park to take a walk

 

  zùo - To do

你这个周末打算做什么?

nǐ zhōumò dōu zài zùo shènme?

[你 you] [这个周末 weekend] [打算 plan] [做 do] [什么 what]

What do you plan to do this weekend?

 

我的奶奶做了饼干给我吃。

wǒ de nǎinai zuò le bǐnggān gěi wǒ chī

[我的 my] [奶奶 grandma] [做 do/make] [了 completed action marker] [饼干 biscuit/cookie] [给 give] [我 me] [吃 eat]

My grandma made cookies for me.

 

how to say 'make' in Chinese

你的爸爸做什么工作?

nǐ de bàba zuò shénme gōngzuò

[你的 your] [爸爸 dad] [做 do] [什么 what] [工作 work]

What is your dad’s job? / What does he do?

 

jiào – To call

你去叫弟弟起床。

nǐ qù jiào dìdi qǐchuáng

[你 you] [去 go] [叫 call] [弟弟 little brother] [起床 wake up]

Go wake up your little brother 

 

我的同学都叫我长颈鹿,因为我很高。

wǒ de tóngxué jiào wǒ chángjǐnglù,yīnwei wǒ hěn gāo

[我的 my] [同学 classmate] [都 all] [叫 call] [我me] [长颈鹿 giraffe],[因为 because] [我 I] [很 very] [高 tall] 

My classmates call me giraffe because I am tall

 

这个男生很帅,他叫什么名字?

zhè gè nánshēng hěn shuài,tā jiào shénme míngzi?

[这 this] [个 measure word] [男生 man] [很 very] [帅 handsome] , [他 he] [叫 call] [什么 what] [名字 name]

This man is handsome, what is his name? 

 

kāi - To open

隔壁的早餐店开到12点。

gébì de zǎocān diàn kāi dào shíèr diǎn

[隔壁 next door] [的 possessive particle] [早餐 breakfast] [店 store] [开 open] [到 until ] [12点 twelve o’clock]

The breakfast shop next door open until 12 o’clock 

 

你可以帮我开门吗?

nǐ kěyǐ bāng wǒ kāi mén ma?

[你 you] [可以 can] [帮 help] [我 me] [开 open] [门 door] [吗 question particle for “yes-no” question]

Can you help me open the door?

 

春天终于来了,花都开了。

chūntiān zhōngyú lái le,huā dōu kāi le

[春天 spring] [终于 finally] [来 come] [了 completed action marker] ,[花 flower] [都 all] [开 open] [了 completes action marker]

Spring has come, flowers are all blooming

 

tīng - To listen

我喜欢听这首歌。

wǒ xǐhuān tīng zhè shǒu gē

[我 I] [喜欢 like] [听 listen] [这 this] [首 measure word] [歌 song]

I like to listen to this song
how to say 'listen' in Chinese

在学校要听老师讲的话。

zài xuéxiào yào tīng lǎoshī jiǎng de huà

[在 at] [学校 school] [要 must] [听 listen] [老师 teacher] [讲 speak] [的 possessive particle] [话 word/talk]

At school, (students) must listen to what the teachers are saying

 

听声音不像他

tīng shēngyīn bú xiàng tā

[听 listen] [声音 voice] [不 negative particle] [像 be like] [他 him]

The voice didn’t sound like him

 

néng - Can / To be able to

按摩能消除疲劳。

ànmó néng xiāochú píláo

[按摩 massage] [能 can] [消除 eliminate] [疲劳 fatigue]

Massage can eliminate fatigue 

 

你能帮我丢垃圾吗?

nǐ néng bāng wǒ diū lājī ma?

[你 you] [能 can] [帮 help] [我 me] [丢 throw] [垃圾 trash] [吗question particle for “yes-no” question] 

Can you help me take out the trash?

 

未成年人不能喝酒。

wèichéngniángrén bù néng hē jiǔ

[未成年人 minor] [不 negative prefix] [能 can] [喝 drink] [酒 alcohol]

Minor can’t drink alcohol 

>> Know the difference between 能néng, 可以kě yǐ, 會huì

 

xiǎng - To think / To wish / Would like to / To miss

小明今天晚餐想吃火锅。

Xiǎomíng jīntīan wǎnshàng xiǎng chī huǒguō

[小明 Xiaoming, a name] [今天 today] [晚餐 evening] [想 would like to] [吃 eat] [火锅 hotpot]

Xiaoming would like to eat hotpot tonight

 

让我想一想。

ràng wǒ xiǎngyīxiǎng

[让 let] [我 me] [想一想 think twice] 

Let me think it over .

 

how to say 'think' in Chinese

我很想你。

wǒ hěn xiǎng nǐ

[我 I] [很 very] [想 miss] [你 you]

I miss you a lot

 

As we advised you on the last course, try to learn the examples by pronouncing then and writing them down. If you want to practice your Mandarin it with a real Chinese teacher, try our free online class by signing up just below.

  

Sign up for a free Chinese class! 
Pierre Cerchiaro

Pierre Cerchiaro

Pierre Cerchiaro is a contributing writer at TutorMing. He is a French expat working in Taiwan and has had both studying experience in China and Taiwan. He is passionate about the Chinese language and is a foodaholic.

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